ai Chung so 71 - phat hanh ngay 15/4/2000

Duramax

MAP LA G? CHOLESTEROL LA G?

Kys Sagant Phan

e tai nay coi bo ung cham ln lam ch khong phai nho au. Nhng mnh l lam lnh Quan Y ten bay an lac, bom an no ran ran quen roi, nen khong s na. Nhng trc khi ung ln th mnh phai lam cho khong kh vui mot chut roi tnh sau.

Noi en map th ai ai cung khong a, ke ca ng s. Nhng ho quen, vai tram nam trc, map la mot s ep. Th nhn nhng hnh ve trong tranh xem may co map c hoa s ve tranh rat nhieu. Nh tranh noi tieng tren the gii la tranh La Joconde, mot nu ci bat hu nhng nang kha co da co tht. Tom lai la map o, con n than T Do th sao? Tri at, ca mot bo voi o so, ba d uoc len, thay qua cot x to i. Map dt uoi con than lan roi. o cha nao dam choc gian ba. Ba ma bo uoc xuong, xang mot bat tay la roi i con a!

Vay map ch la mot thi trang cho vui ca vui nha. May ngi an ba map map tanh tnh de thng hn may ngi om ca toong ca teo. Nh lai ngay xa xa luc con lam nghe ien t. Tai s no, kha ong ngi Viet thuoc loai boat people. Cho nao cung thay ngi Viet het, lnh gac ca cung ngi Viet luon, ch tr Xep la My rat ma thoi. Ho vui lam, noi chuyen ao ao bang tieng Viet nh trong nha vay, luc au xep hi bc, nhng roi phai quen, v ho lam qua sieng nang can man. t complain ve lng bong, ngay ngh cuoi tuan th ho eu chu i lam het, con may thang My th khoi, tui no noi lam overtime cho lam roi Tax cung lay lai het ngu g. Xep rat thng dan t nan Viet lam trong s mnh. Co lan, ngay o, t nhien xep i vao lam viec th thay s vang hoe lnh gac khong co, ma th thuyen th tron au het trn. S th qua ln, khong co ngi, Xep am s ma l tui VC ma ti am sat th chu chet la cai chac. Ngay o l ngay linh thieng cua dan Viet ma, xep khong biet sao? o la 3 ngay Tet Nguyen an, ca s ong nhau ngh Tet. Xep gian lam, nhng chang le uoi het S?

S My ong ngi Viet, thay th vui roi, u kieu ao quan khap t x tu ve. Noi tieng Viet luc au th va u nghe, nhng lau roi thay quen th noi tieng Viet va u e xep My nghe khong c i cho khac chi. Quan an goi la cafeteria th hau nh ngi Viet lam ba chu, dan Me hay My en tr thanh thieu so. Chu quan cafeteria trong s, goc Y, hnh nh khong khoai tui Vietnam chi cho lam. Ly do de hieu la gi cm gi lunch ho au co mua o cua mnh lam ra au? Ho em o an cua ho vao ma, roi ho dung lo Microwave cua mnh mot cach thoai mai roi tien ien, tien may lanh, tien boi quet don ai tra ay? Nhieu khi ho ham nong nhieu mon ma ho noi la quoc hon quoc tuy g g o mon mam ruoc xao tht heo mui thm nay ma mnh bat thang Me chui lo th mieng no tuon ra mot trang... bo xt bo xet mot hoi lau ma van con mui thm mam ruoc cai lo microwave au co xai dau thm trong o c. Ke nh la lo nay danh rieng cho dan Viet roi.

Tra nao an cm cung vay, ba bon ban tron trong goc la toan cua may ch chiem het, va gan lo microwave, va gan may nc lanh, con an ong Viet th c may ba danh cho vai ban gan ca ra vao, an cai g th thien ha i ngang eu nhn ro rang het.

Ch be B ngoi ci nguc nghch ch noi:

"Em ang ay det (diet), t an lam, nhng khi len cai can th em chong mat lien ha, kim no quay vu vu thay ma ghe. Thang nay em con 180 pounds, xuong nhieu roi o"

Roi, t nhien Than Khau Hai xac Pham, toi nga mieng:

"Ch muon xuong can khong?"

May ch ngoi ban trong eu ong thanh cat tieng:

"Muon"

Toi ci he he:

"th g cay kim i, th au biet map om lam g?"

Ke t o may ch thuoc dien Be B ghet toi ra mat.

X My lam viec rat cc, xep canh mnh rat gat cu kieu, khi xong viec th ve nha tri toi mt, nau an nhieu khi khong kp, nh vay ngay nay qua ngay no. Thanh th an uong nhieu ngi giao khoan cho nhom nha hang ma ta goi la Fast Food, vao tiem an Fast Food khi keu mon va an xong th lau khoang na tieng, con d nhieu gi hn la ve nha chat ga, ra ga, p gia v roi xao roi kho, xong roi th ong ho ch gan 10 gi khuya. Nh vay au con gi d e ma lam chuyen khac na? Thanh th an ong b ly d hoai, ngh toi nghiep.

An ngoai nh vay (eat-out) hoai th map la cai chac, nhng mon lam fast-food muon cho khach thch an th ho tron rat nhieu mon vao trong thc pham, ma cai beo la quan trong, co beo th mi ngon. Th mua mot mieng tht hamburger song t ch em ve, roi ban ep cho ra gan het m bo, roi ban chien mieng tht that ky cho chn het t trong ra ngoai roi ban mi thang ban than an th bao am no se che d et la cai chac, con no khen ngon th no la thang noi doi con tim. Con neu ban muon an voi e i lam th khong g tien bang nau nc soi roi bo goi m goi an lien, co them tui bot gia v th xong ch g ? M goi ho p rat nhieu m loai thc vat goi la m Trang hay m cu, th coi ban luoc m chn trong cai noi, roi vt m ra, roi e nguoi th ban thay mot loai m bam quanh noi, rat kho ra bang xa phong nc nong cho sach loai o bam vao c the ban th phai biet, ngay nay qua ngay no th gan mau nao cung nghet cng het.

Loai m trang nay ma tat ca tiem an eu dung no e ma chien xao, nh ga, nh ca, nh khoai tay No xuat t dau thc vat nhng c them chat Hydrogen vao, phan t dau b gay theo cau truc hoa hoc bien thanh mot loai m trang. Tat ca tiem an neu ho dung loai dau thc vat ma chien xao th rat hao dau, con dung loai m trang thng cha trong thung thiec th rat li cho oi ben, chu quan th tiet kiem c tien dau, con thc khach th c an nhng mon rat don rat hp khau v. M nay rat lam map va rat oc hai cho c the neu dung lau nam.

Cho mot v du ve margarine, dung mot long o trng ga va mot chen dau an, anh eu tay, lau lau them dau mot luc sau th ta thay co mot to margarine, dung tret vao banh m rat beo tai sao ch co mot long o trng va mot chen dau an nho ma c mot to margarine sen set mau vang o la ta tron them mot chut khong kh vao o, khong kh vao roi lam n trng len. Vay loai m trang, ta co the goi la Shortening (nhan hieu Crispy) ho dung dau an roi anh them chat kh hydrogen vao, thanh ong set mau trang, nhng chat nao chien vi dau nay lau hao va rat don ngau. Noi ve Fast Food luon luon ngi ta co tron mot loai chat hoa hoc, chat nay co cong dung kch thch than kinh v giac cua ban, co ngha la an roi ma khong thay chan, muon an hoai. Ngi ghien an hamburger th sang ho an 1 cai to, tra an mot cai to, chieu an mot cai to tat ca eu khong thay chan, roi ngay mai tiep tuc na, ngay nay sang ngay no, tuan nay sang tuan kia ma van thay ngon hoai chat o la chat kch thch v giac ngi an. Khong tin ban th an mieng banh m tht loai Vietnam, sang mot cai, tra mot cai, chieu mot cai roi ngay nay sang ngay no, tuan nay sang tuan kia neu c nh vay th chu tiem banh m loai Vietnam gap ban la s ban ngay, chnh ho thay banh m tht cua ho cung n t lau roi ma. Nha nong ho nuoi bo, trong co kho ho eu tron nhng chat nay. Chat nay lam Bo them an nh khung nh ien vay, an no cang hong ng khong noi na, van c them an. Nh vay khong "An no chong Nhn sao c?" Trong bay Bo co nhieu Bo cai t sa, nha nong ho s Bo c khong lo an uong ma lo chuyen Tao Lao Trai Gai ho tron them mot chat Diet Duc co ngha la c ng chung vi may nang T Sa ma Chang van khong them ngo ngang chang ch mai lo an miet cho chu vui. Roi tht o vao c the loai ngi Hoaky, nam chay thang lui th nhieu chang My b bien chng Ham an va khong thch an ba na. o, tat ca eu do hoa hoc chemical trong con bo het. Map la cai chac.

Mot mieng tht bo ti khi mua t Super Market en tay ban, danh t ti v ban thay tht mau o. Nhng that s mieng tht o c ha tht con bo cach ay tren 2 thang roi, nh ky thuat ong lanh, chuyen ch xuyen bang, vao kho tr hang ln (big warehouses), roi en ch vao khu nc a, kho tr nho (small warehouse) roi en tay ban van thay ti o o la nh chat mau o ho nhuom tng mieng tht bo o, goi la color additives (ma FDA cho phep), khong tin ban th nh lai tai Saigon, co lan mua mieng tht bo t lo Chanh Hng ve nha th thay no tr mau tai tai khong con o ti na, v ho au co dung color additive, mau mau o ra ngoai khong kh chng 45 phut la tr thanh en ngay. Nhng t lo Chanh Hng en tay ban ch lau co na ngay ma thoi. Con mieng tht bo My th lau en tren 2 thang. Vay cai nao ti hn? Ti la tnh theo ngay hay theo mau?

Nam 1960 Quoc Hoi Hoaky cho phep x dung 90 loai mau trong so 200 loai mau cho thc pham (200 loai mau nay goi la 200 provisionnally listed color additives, 90 have been listed as safe). ay la nhng mau thc pham c phep ban cho ngi an ma khong oc, nhn th ke food color additives co hang chuc hang tram chai thuoc mau la ban biet lien. Co mot so mau lay t thien nhien rat tot nh: au nanh (mau trang thanh), corn (mau vang lt), Beets (cu cai o) la dung cho thc pham rat tot, nhng rat at tien. Con pham mau bang hoa hoc th rat re tien.

Tai sao nhng chat hoa hoc additives (hoa pham) c dung trong thc pham. Bi 5 ly do sau ay:

1.- Bao quan san pham c ti ben. Nh lam mieng tht thay chat dinh dnh trong ngon tay nh ti trong lo tht ra (o la chat emulsifiers). Chat Stabilizers va Thickeners lam cho tht mem mai. Chat Anti-caking agents lam cho tht khong b lat nhach v muoi trong tht chay ra ngoai khi lam tan a lanh.

2.- Tang chat dinh dng: nh them chat vitamins va minerals, c dung nhieu cho sa, bot, trng, cereal va b loai margarine.

3.- Bao quan lam cham mieng tht ng b mau h thoi do: nam (mold), khong kh (air), bacteria (vi trung), fungi (moc). Th nhn mot trai tao ti khi cat mot goc, chng na tieng th mieng goc tao oi mau, en chieu th oi mau na va ngay th hai th mem va tr thanh chua. Nc trai cam, trai tao trong keo, chai eu co chat nay chat nay goi la chat bao quan.

4.- Chat kiem soat tht dng tr thanh acid/hay alkaline (khai khai)

5.- Tang chat thm t thc pham hay co mau o bat mat. (enhance flavor or impart desired color). Ho goi chung la danh t "Common Uses of Additives".

Tat ca 5 phan nay c nhung tay bi c quan FDA va FSIS kiem soat. Con tai Saigon th khong co c quan nay, v t lo tht Chanh Hng (quan 8) en ch Ben Thanh Saigon th xe chay co 1 tieng ma thoi, tra th sap tht dep roi, neu e lau th ruoi bao hieu biet lien. Vay ai ti va bo dng hn? (c quan FSIS goi la: Food Safety and Inspection Service) thuoc bo Canh Nong (US Department of Agriculture: USDA. Con FDA la: Food and Drug Administration).

Van e an uong co li co hai cho sc khoe, nao la loai cholesterol tot, cholesterol xau v.v... v.v...

Biet bao nhieu bac s, biet bao nhieu nha dinh dng sach ban chay nhat hien nay, moi x s th sach day con ngi chong map, cho than hnh ep eu ban chay het, tai ban i tai ban lai ma van co ngi mua. Thuoc chong map, thuoc lam gay v.v... ban len en con so hang t ola. Thuoc chong map hay lam gay thng co nhng chat can ban nh sau: chat lam thoat tieu cang nhieu cang tot, thuoc lam ay chat muoi trong c the, v bac s cho rang c the cang nhieu muoi th cang gi nc nhieu, cang gi nc nhieu th cang... MAP. Roi mot loai thuoc kha nguy hiem la lam tang tuyen nang thng than, co ngha la ot nhieu calories trong c the th cang om. Loai nay dung nhieu nam th suy hai than la cai chac. Nhng tat ca than dc cung eu trt vo chuoi.

Ch Be B van cang ngay mat da mat tht ra, cang an ngon cang ngu khoe va cai kim cua cay can cang chay vu vu. Nh vay ra lam sao?

Th nghe mot cau chuyen vui nh sau:

Mot t bao ang quang cao nh sau: "thay giao day bi loi rat gioi, loi gioi trong vong 3 tuan"

Qua thiet, lp day bi loi cua Thay T qua ong hoc tro. Mot buoi hoc bi loi, hoc tro chen chut di ho, nghe thay ng tren b la het om som nao la phai be tay be chan cho ung luat, canh tay phai sai ra, nn hi ng s ngop v.v... Mot hoc tro thuoc loai ca an met qua, mi nan n Thay T "Vay nh Thay nhay xuong nc day cho con ro". Thay T ng tren b ngap ngng roi noi: "Thiet Thay khong biet Loi". Ca am hoc tro eu O len ngac nhien. Thay giai thch la "Thay co hoc u bang cap ve day bi loi, hoc u cach biet van sc bap tht v.v... Nhng Thay cha thot chan vao nc bao gi."

Nh vay thay co DZUI khong? Khong biet loi ma day hoc tro Bi Loi. Vo ly vo cung.

Vay tr lai may v Bac s hay nhng nha Dinh dng hoc bang cap ay vach tng, day benh nhan cach nao tranh MAP cach nao tranh Cholesterol viet sach viet bao hang hang lp lp, nao la m nguy hiem, nao la chat beo tot chat beo xau v.v... nghe riet thay het muon an.

Nhng that s may v o eu khong biet NAU AN bao gi. Nh vay ho biet the nao anh au bep hay ch Hai nau bep nau an ra sao? Khong biet bi loi ma day hoc tro bi loi, khong biet nau an ma day cach nga map, nga cholesterol nh vay co DZUI KHONG?

Biet nau an th biet mon nao gay ra m, biet cach nao ma kh m v.v... Vay th thi mot cai Test ra sao nghen?

Viet kieu mnh t ngay ra ngoai quoc, nha nao nha nay cung eu biet cach nau Ph het, ngon d tuy theo thang chong khen ma thoi. Moi nha co cach nau rieng, tuyet chieu rieng. Dung cng bo, ui bo, tht nat hong, tht nac vai, tht gan hong mui thm beo ngay vao mot buoi chieu ong muon. Nhng ai ai cung eu n thay m noi ay tren noi nc xup het. Nao la dung muong mong li ma vt t t m bo ra, nao la e vao tu lanh cho lanh va m bam ay vach noi, ong day tren mat noi xup. Cat nguyen noi sup to ln vao tu lanh, qua la mot chuyen cc vo cung, nao la phai di bnh sa, di m rau roi ngay mai vt m ra, ham lai th an het hng roi. Vay muon an nong tai cho ma khong co mot chut m bo, phai lam sao? Chuyen nay au can may v Bac S hay may nha Dinh Dng Hoc ch can anh au bep biet nau an tam tam va s m la u. Cach lam nh sau: "khi vao ch super market, xin d them nhng tui nylon trang dung e nhet nhng bo cai hay bo rau xin kha nhieu e dung ky sau, khi mua u loai ham ba lang nhng xng ui, nhng khuc ong chan bo beo ngay v chat tuy vang, nen la xng co nhieu m cang tot v re tien m a co cach tr roi, ng lo nau xong noi nc leo Ph, roi ban vt bo xng bo ra ngoai, vt bo nao hanh hay gng ra cho khac nh vay noi nc leo cua ban ch con nc leo va chat m bo noi tren mat day ca tac. Sau o dung tui nylon trang, c t t muc tat ca nc beo o vao trong tui nylon roi sau o cot au lai. Nh vay trong tui nylon ban a thay co nc leo va chat m noi tren trong tui nylon roi. Cat cai t tui mot lo va nho nho, nc nay ban hng vao trong noi sach, nc di ay tui nylon chay t t cho en lp m th ban bt cai t tui lai roi cot ma vut vao thung rac. Neu nha co nuoi cho, va muon no map th tron chat beo o vao cm cho no an no vui lam. Nh vay ban lam chng 3 cai tui nylon th tat ca lp m o trong ca tui nylon, vut vao thung rac. Va ban co mot chat nc leo rat thm ngon va khong mot chut xu m nao sot lai het. Khi ra chen ra noi th vui vo cung v au con m bo na ma lo.

Hau nh 99.99% nhng nha hang, tiem an, fast food tat ca eu dung loai "shortening" ma may ch noi tr goi la "m cu", tai sao goi m cu v no co mau trang nh m ong lanh cua con cu. Con neu dung dau an e ma chien tht, ca th rat hao vo cung, khong mot nha hang nao chu noi tien mua dau het. Th nhn xem mot chai dau olive rat at, re hn chut la dau bap (corn oil) th dung mot chen dau nho dung e chien ca hay tht, quay ti quay lui th chao dau nong boc hi het dau con chien loai "m cu" th ngi lam. Nhng khi ra chen bat th biet lien, dau an rat de ra, nhng dau hay "m cu" th kho vo cung, dung nc nong cong them xa phong ma oi khi cung kho sach. Nh vay th loai m nao vao mach mau cua mnh th lam sao? Ch con cach nghe li khuyen cua may bac s hay nha dinh dng hoc khuyen vai cau: "o a bao roi, c khong chu lo tap the thao nh i bo, an kieng khem, loai m cholesterol rat oc."

Nhng cau khuyen o rat hay ho vo cung, nhng may v o co ai biet nau an au? co v nao biet m cu hay dau an co li co hai ra sao? Tien mua loai dau nao re, at?

Tng t nh chuyen v du ke tren la thay giao day bi loi ma khong biet loi di nc ra sao.

Tuy nhien van e map om la mot chuyen vo cung quan trong oi vi ch be b. Nhng neu ch bc ngc thi gian th thay gan ay ngi ta thch may ch Map manh xem rat bat mat hn bay gi om tong om teo, map map tnh tnh vui hn.

Khao co co tm c mot tng n than tai Tho nh ky (Turkey) ma goi la Turkish Goddesss, khoang 6000 ngan nam trc Tay lch. Tri i N than sao ma map u nh con Hiu vay. Roi en tng n than cua Hylap, trc 4 the ky tay lch nha khao co goi la Greek Goddess map y chang nh ch be b vay. Neu ai thch su tap sao ban cua nhng danh hoa nh Albercht Durer, ve nam 1504 ve e tai Adam and Eve, hien treo tai bao tang vien New York (Museum of Art) th thay Co Eve cung rat MAP MAP thay de thng vo cung. Roi en nam 1635 tranh cua Peter Paul Rubens, e tai ve Venus and Adonis (cung tai New York) Co Venus ky nay vo cung map vay. Gan ay Pierre Auguste Renoir ve bc tranh ten la Seated Bather (tam dch la tam ngoi) nam 1906 mi thay cai tai cua hoa s co be nay la cung ba con vi ch Be B vay map het sc, khieng khong noi au hien trng bay tai Detroit Museum.

en nam 1935 th the gii bung no cau chuyen Thi Trang, co ngha la trnh dien nhng ao quan cua nhng nha ve kieu noi tieng, trnh dien tai New York va tai Paris rat thu hut khan gia the gii. Ho la nhng co Model, co kieu mau e an mac nhng ao quan mi nhat. Roi ho che cho nhng co Model o i nhng bo i, bo bc ong eo khac thien nhien tri sanh ra. Nhn tren san khau thay dang ieu nay rat hap dan va kheu gi vo cung, nhng khong mot co hay mot ch nao dam bat chc e i ch het, i kieu o thien ha chay ra ngoai ng ngo ket xe ket ng het. Bao ch goi nhng dang ieu i o goi la Cat Walk (i kieu meo). Khong hieu chung ta con co kieu i goi la Dog Walk hay khong?

Con ngi c tnh theo Sheldons system (1930. Khoa trng Ykhoa Columbia, NewYork ve Physicians and Surgeons) moi ngi du nam hay n eu c hp thanh 3 phan can ban (3 basic components). Phan nhat goi la endomorphy, phan hai goi la mesomorphy, phan ba goi la ectomorphy. Khi con mot phoi thai embryo trong bung me th 3 phan o thay ro nhat trc khi tao thanh tht, xng, chat long ma goi hi khac i la: endoderrm, mesoderm, va ectoderm.

T Hylap Greek ch endo ngha la trong (inner), ch derm ngha la phan lot (layer). Phan Endoderm la phan tao ra nhng g thuoc ve phan bung (abdominal organs) ngha la: mem, tron, co chat m tr va nhng ngi thuoc the loai nay co lien quan en thnh giac, khu giac ngha la loai ngi nay ch can ngi thoi cung u Map roi.

Con t Mesoderm, t Hylap goi la middle layer (chat lot gia) khi con embryo (phoi thai) no se cho bap tht, xng va nhng s noi ket. Loai ngi mesomorph ngha la manh, xng to va bap tht day danh cho nhng ngi to vuong.

T Ectoderm la phan ngoai (ecto: la outer, ngoai) chia ra than kinh, da b co nhieu da hn tht, loai ngi nay an hoai ma khong bao gi len can c.

D nhien khong han la 3 phan ro ret nh vay tren i. T Endomorph la noi tang thng tap trung vao bung cua ngi an ong nhieu hn cho nen ngi an ong thng map vung bung, co ngha la eo cua chang tron nh cai lu vay. Con may ch th map thng tu ve ui, mong va canh tay phan trong ba.

Bai nay khong han i vao nhng t chuyen mon kho nh nh trong trng hoc vay, nhng cho biet rang con ngi map hay om la do t khi phoi thai (embryo). Co ngha la do tri nh. Thanh th Ch Be B co noi vi ban be la: "Em au co an g nhieu, ma can lan nao thay cay kim quay ma chong mat."

Con tac gia viet bai nay th thch su tap nhng tranh noi tieng tren the gii, tranh gia t chuc trieu ola tr len ma thoi, d nhien la ban sao copy, gia vai chuc o la het mc roi. Nhng bc tranh cua may co ang ngoi tam nh Seated Bather cua Renoir co nao cung thay map manh. Nhn vao la quen mot ngay lam viec ay cc kho tran ai.

Sagant Phan

         


 

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